Tag Archives: in vivo

Optimized light delivery in pancreatic cancer

Motivation for the study Efficient light delivery to the whole tumor is one of the main aspects of phototherapy. The efficacy of phototherapy has been demonstrated for several cancers via superficial illumination. Interstitial illumination could enhance light delivery deeper inside the tumor and potentially result in more effective tumor eradication. Hence, the aim of this study is to compare if the therapeutic efficacy of phototherapy is dependent on the light… READ MORE

Light delivery optimization for H&N cancer treatment

Results Illumination with one fiber Some level of tissue heating was observed at all used light intensities. At lower intensities (60-100 mW/cm), less than 5% of the tumor was subjected to >60 ⁰C temperature, a point where irreversible thermal damage will immediately occur (photothermal ablation). At intensities of 150-200 mW/cm, 15-20% of the tumor was at >60 ⁰C temperature. At 400 mW/cm, which is FDA-recommended light irradiance for iPDT, a… READ MORE

Combining photoimmunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibition

Motivation for the study The motivation was to study if photoimmunotherapy could enhance anti-tumor immunity when combined with immune checkpoint inhibition. CD44-targeted photoimmunotherapy was applied against poorly immunogenic, “cold” tumor and antitumor effect was studied alone and in combination with anti-PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibition. Sensitization of this “cold” tumor to immune checkpoint inhibition after photoimmunotherapy would mean that the tumor has been converted into highly immunogenic, “hot” tumor infiltrated with… READ MORE

ML7710 for photoimmunotherapy against regulatory T cells in tumors

    Results Tumor growth was significantly suppressed by photoimmunotherapy, compared to control or IgG without light activation. Tumor growth suppression, as well as overall survival after photoimmunotherapy, were significantly better with F(ab´)2 fragments than with full IgG. This efficacy improvement might be related to killer T cells, which were detected in much higher numbers after photoimmunotherapy with F(ab´)2 fragments and are key cells for the generation of efficient systemic… READ MORE

Novel antimicrobial phototherapy against emerging infectious diseases

      Results PIAS-treated pathogens were effectively eradicated upon NIR illumination. The efficacy of PIAS was dependent on the NIR light dose, 50 J/cm2 eradicating all MRSA from the rat nasal tract (Figure 1). PIAS also saved all mice from fatal MRSA infections, similar to VCM+RFP antibiotics and even more effectively than VCM antibiotics alone (Figure 2). Unlike the antibiotics, PIAS acted selectively on the target pathogen and did… READ MORE

Development of heat shock protein 90-targeted PDT for inflammatory breast cancer

Motivation of the study In photodynamic therapy (PDT), systemically administered photosensitizer is activated within the tumor using focused near-infrared light, typically a laser with a wavelength matching the absorption peak of the photosensitizer. Several photosensitizers have been clinically approved for the treatment of different cancers; however, their accumulation is non-tumor exclusive which exposes healthy tissues to side effects like daylight-induced phototoxicity. A promising strategy to improve tumor selectivity is to… READ MORE

Uncovering tumor responses to vascular-targeted phototherapy

  Study protocol         Related Modulight products and Services ML7710 – Laser device suited for pre-clinical and clinical applications »      Related Publications WST11 Vascular Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Effect Monitoring by Multispectral Optoacoustic Tomography (MSOT) in Mice Volker Neuschmelting, Kwanghee Kim, Jaber Malekzadeh-Najafabadi, Sylvia Jebiwott, Jaya Prakash, Avigdor Scherz, Jonathan A Coleman, Moritz F Kircher, Vasilis Ntziachristos Theranostics, 2018, 8 (3)   High-resolution optoacoustic imaging of tissue… READ MORE