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Light-based enhancement of vaccination in humans

  Motivation Vaccines should activate all branches of immunity, including T cells and antibody responses, for generating a strong immune response. For therapeutic cancer vaccines it is especially important to induce strong cytotoxic T-cell responses, since cytotoxic T-cells are the most potent immune cells for killing cancer cells. While cytotoxic T-cells can often be induced  with viral vector and nucleic acid based vaccines, peptide based vaccines often induce only weak… READ MORE

Optimizing photosensitizer administration for cancer therapy

  Motivation While Photofrin PDT is approved oncological therapy for multiple indications, its wider use is hindered by prolonged skin photosensitivity lasting several weeks. The aim of this study is to investigate intratumoral Photofrin administration as a way to decrease skin photosensitivity compared to the standard IV injection protocol. Tumor necrosis after PDT was assessed with immunohistochemical staining and Photofrin distributions by fluorescence microscopy.       Results   Anti-tumor… READ MORE

Optimized light delivery in pancreatic cancer

Motivation for the study Efficient light delivery to the whole tumor is one of the main aspects of phototherapy. The efficacy of phototherapy has been demonstrated for several cancers via superficial illumination. Interstitial illumination could enhance light delivery deeper inside the tumor and potentially result in more effective tumor eradication. Hence, the aim of this study is to compare if the therapeutic efficacy of phototherapy is dependent on the light… READ MORE

Light penetration depth in brain with different photosensitizers

  Motivation for the study Glioblastoma is the most aggressive and lethal brain cancer with an average prognosis of 15 months. Fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) for glioblastoma was FDA-approved in 2017, while photodynamic therapy (PDT) remains an active area of clinical investigation with very promising results so far. Aim of PDT is to eradicate the invasive cancer cells within 2 cm of the resected area where the glioblastoma most often recurs.… READ MORE

Multimodal imaging microscope for tissue engineering applications

  Motivation for the study Tissue engineering is an evolving field of medicine that aims to grow new viable tissue for repairing or regenerating damaged tissues in the body. These tissue constructs are typically made by placing cells in support matrices that have proper growth-inducing factors. However, visualizing the development and composition of these tissue constructs is challenging with currently available optical imaging methods: they are either not capable of… READ MORE

Light delivery optimization for H&N cancer treatment

Results Illumination with one fiber Some level of tissue heating was observed at all used light intensities. At lower intensities (60-100 mW/cm), less than 5% of the tumor was subjected to >60 ⁰C temperature, a point where irreversible thermal damage will immediately occur (photothermal ablation). At intensities of 150-200 mW/cm, 15-20% of the tumor was at >60 ⁰C temperature. At 400 mW/cm, which is FDA-recommended light irradiance for iPDT, a… READ MORE